They failed in this quest - but that wasn't all they … They include about 150 lichens, 30 mosses, some fungi and one liverwort." You can find out more about this process on the Scott Polar Institute blog. Between December 1911 and January 1912, both Roald Amundsen (leading his South Pole expedition) and Robert Falcon Scott (leading the Terra Nova Expedition) reached the South Pole within five weeks of each other. "SCOTT & The South-Pole" 1 "The extreme conditions make Antarctica a habitat in which only the hardiest can survive. After Discovery's return from the Antarctic in 1904, Scott eventually resumed his naval career, but continued to nurse ambitions of returning south, with the conquest of the Pole as his specific target. Scott's South Pole expedition was kitted out by Burberry, whose polar garments consisted of wool and cotton. Antarctic animals - The most abundant and best known animals from the southern continent, penguins, whales seals, albatrosses, other seabirds and a range of invertebrates you may have not heard of such as krill which form the basis of the Antarctic food web. Very few species have been recorded on the 2% of the continent that is ice-free. Sailing his ship into Antarctica’s Bay of Whales, Amundsen set up base camp 60 miles closer to the pole than Scott. The next morning they saw Amundsen himself, crossing the ice at a blistering pace on his dog sled as he readied his animals for an assault on the South Pole, some 900 miles away. Dr Stroud estimates that on the ill-fated journey to the South Pole the men had a deficit of 3,000 calories a day. Dogs first arrived in Antarctica on the 17th of February 1899 when 75 were landed by the ship Southern Cross of the British Antarctic Expedition of 1898 - 1900 at Cape Adare in the Ross Sea area. In 1911, Scott and Amundsen began an undeclared race to the South Pole. The conservation team at the Scott Polar Institute in Cambridge is currently conserving some of the sledges and other equipment used on the British Antarctic Expedition. December 14th marks the anniversary of the conquest of the South Pole. The British explorer may have been beaten to the South Pole, but the experiments he conducted along the way changed science forever. Pony snow shoes. Amundsen's team also wore natural fur. "If you see a … Special snow shoes were made for Scott's team of Siberian ponies. Scott… That would have meant each man lost 25kg of … Preparations Background. A century ago, Captain Scott and his team set out on a doomed race to be first to the South Pole. A hundred years ago tomorrow Roald Amundsen and his teammates from … Bay of Whales, Amundsen set up base camp 60 miles closer to the South.! 30 mosses, some fungi and one liverwort. race to be first to the Pole than Scott 2! 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